If you have ever shared a hot take on social media about a food choice or eating experience, then you could be helping researchers who study consumer preferences and attitudes; and in turn influencing the evolution of food production.
The collection and analysis of digital data from social media for “sensory-consumer” science has grown rapidly over the last decade, with a “wide range of applications for research studying consumer attitudes, preferences, and sensory responses to food”, according to a recently published review* in the journal Food Research Internationalby food scientists from crown research institute, AgResearch.
“The type of social media material we are talking about here could range from an online review commenting on the taste of a protein bar, to a tweet talking about the carbon footprint of meat,” says AgResearch senior scientist Scott Hutchings.
The AgResearch review looked at the potential of social media research for this purpose, including advantages and disadvantages, and then compared this to more conventional research methods that might include gathering groups of people for consumer testing of a food product in a controlled environment, and providing feedback directly to researchers.
“We found that analysis of social media for this research offers advantages such as scale, accessibility and may present an increased ability to investigate trends over time, as well as easier access to cross-cultural or global insights,” says Dr Hutchings.
“On the flipside, there are disadvantages where it comes to the data from social media, including the significant influence of biases of people posting that are difficult to account for in the science. Often consumers that make up a social media data set are not representative of the general population or target market (for example age, gender, personality biases are common), and in most cases we have no demographic information on who the consumers are in our social media data set.While participant biases can also impact on conventional research methods, they can be more easily overcome when working with those methods.”
“Then there is also the issue of the overall precision of the data from social media being generally inferior to that other research methods.”
Social media data that is collected is taken from publicly shared material on sites where the terms of service grant permissions to collect data, Dr Hutchings points out.
Research into the consumer attitudes, preferences and sensory (related to senses like taste and smell) responses to food is important as it can help food producers respond and adapt to changing trends and expectations, and in turn to support the productivity and profitability of food producing nations like New Zealand.
“Clearly what people want from food, or expect from their eating experiences, will vary greatly and changes over time. By growing our insights, we can get access to more rapid, dynamic, and cost-effective information on what attributes – such as the sensory experience and how the food is produced – that consumers want to see in their food,” Dr Hutchings says.
AgResearch science team leader Dr Marlon dos Reis says information available on social media can also provide insights into peoples’ perceptions of how food is produced.
“As part of this research we’re doing, our colleague Josafath Espinosa Ramos is now combining data from social media with information related to food properties and land use. With this new tool we will be able to design foods that are attractive to consumers while being produced in a sustainable way. Ultimately it will increase the connection between the land-user and consumers.”
The scientists say further research is needed to identify when and how social media can best function as an alternative or complementary tool to conventional food research methods.
*The review by the AgResearch scientists can be viewed here:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S096399692300039X
AgResearch’s core focus is to deliver high quality science to enhance the value, productivity and sustainability of New Zealand’s pastoral, agri-food and agri-technology sectors. More at www.agresearch.co.nz